Where Did the Celts Come From?
Humankind was born in Africa two or more million years ago. Several migrations out to the other continents occurred in the last several hundred thousand years.
The Ice Ages would trigger migrations as the planet's water became tied up in ice and draught ravaged the equatorial lands. In one of the early migrations, humans traveled along the cost of Arabia, India and Asia and down through Indonesia to become the ancestors of the present day Australian aborigines.
Around 50,000 years ago there was a migration out of Africa to the Caucus Mountains in southwestern Europe. This rugged land now holds the countries of Chechnya, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia. This land of mountains and valleys became conspicuously hospitable during this time of changing climates.
Tribes of humans evolved their culture in this unlikely homeland. In later migrations from this area, some went south and some went west. The group that went south became known as the Hindus and their educated class was the Brahmans. The group that went west were later called by the Greeks, Keltoi, or Celts, and their educated class were known as the Druids.
The Celts emerged as a recognizable culture around 900 BCE. They moved west and north into Europe above the Alps inhabiting what is now Germany, France, and the British Isles. On their way, the Celts established the kingdom of Galatia in what is now modern Turkey and is mentioned in the Christian scriptures. There were peoples in these European lands before the Celts arrived. Remnants of the earlier cultures were mixed with theirs. One earlier remnant is Stonehenge.
The migrations of these "Indo-Europeans" have been traced through language, art, and culture. Modern science has added the tools of genetics and DNA mapping to the research of these movements.
The Celts did not record their history. Speculation continues as to their belief system and religious practice. As a proud Celt might say, "We no not write our history, we live it!"
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